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Lektion Drei
Ziele (Goals)
  1. Wortschatz: die Familie.
  2. Grammar: Review adjective endings in the nominative & accusative case.
  3. Grammar: Review use of wissen, kennen and können.
  4. Grammar: Review word order in simple, compound and complex sentences.
  5. Listening: Erlkönig, Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt.
  6. Reading & Writing: Biographical information about Franz Schubert.
  7. Writing: Your family.
Ziel 1. die Familie.
  1. Hyde Flippo's website includes sound files.
  2. Die Familie. Print out this Microsoft Word document. Write the German terms after the corresponding English term. Use the following activities to memorize these words and to develop your understanding of how Geman works.
  3. Draw family trees. Draw your own and then those of some friends or famous people. Label the relationships in German.
  4. List the names of family members and acquaintances and label the relationship in German.
  5. Match the corresponding male and female terms.
    * Make 3 groups: one in which the words for males and females are completely different,
    one in which the female term is formed by adding an ending to the male term, and
    one in which there is a difference only in the article and the adjective ending.
  6. Many of the nouns and adjectives on the list are derived from verbs. Figure out which verbs are the basis of these words.
  7. Click here for additional practice with vocabulary; for family, click "The Home."
  8. A fun YouTube video, singing about the family.
Grammatik & Wortschatz (Grammar & Vocabulary)

Glossary of Grammatical Terms

This reference tool will assist you in comprehending explanations of grammar. It defines terms and gives examples in English and German. Use as needed.

Ziel 2. Review adjective endings in the nominative and accusative case.
  1. Read Adjective Endings, Why Learn Adjective Endings,
  2. Learning Weak Adjective Endings Work through the sections relating to nominative and accusative case. Write the variations as directed by hand in your notebook. Practice the patterns with the following exercises:

  3. Adjektivendungen im Nominativ: 1. Maskulinum,
  4. 2. Neutrum
  5. 3. Femininum
  6. Adjektivendungen im Nominativ und Akkusativ Übung 1,
  7. Übung 2,
  8. Übung 3, Schlüssel

  9. Hyde Flippo includes a guest column in which Prof. Eckhard Kuhn-Osius provides a very easy way to think about adjective endings.
  10. More resources from Hyde Flippo.
  11. This one includes sound files.
  12. Georgia Southern has a good explanation of adjective endings. (The exercise contains the dative case.)
Ziel 3. Wissen, kennen & können.
  1. Read Hyde Flippo's lesson on these verbs (both parts). Do the exercise.
  2. For more on this topic and additional exercises, go to Toms Deutschseite.
Ziel 4. Word order in simple, compound and complex sentences.
  1. Read Wortstellung and do the exercises linked to the page. Use the additional resources linked at the bottom of the page for additional practice.
  2. Exercise to contrast use of coordinating & subordinating conjunctions (print out with answer key or do on-line versions)
  3. An exercise from
  4. From, work through at least the Erste Stufe and a selection from the Zweite and Dritte Stufe of the exercises on Konjunktionen (Conjunctions): Unterordnende (Subordinating) and Nebenordnende (Coordinating). For more practice, work through the Gemischte (Mixed) exercises as well.
  5. An exercise with directions in French! Click "vérifier" to check answers.
  6. An exercise from Brennpunkt. (This one can be tricky to get into. If you end up on the "Nelson-Thornes" homepage, click on "further" in the top menu bar, then "Modern Languages" on the left, and then find Brennpunkt and choose "Click here for dedicated website." Then choose "GrammarNet" and finally in Chapter 2, "Wortstellung." Now that you know how to get in, check out some of the other resources as well.)
  7. A mixed-words exercise from Chan Wei Meng, National University of Singapore.
Hören, Lesen, Schreiben
Listening Comprehension, Vocabulary, Grammar, Culture, Reading and Writing

Each lesson in the course includes a song (or two). Only the song text is included. (Registered students may obtain access to sound files through Blackboard.) YouTube is also a good source for music; look for Jessye Norman singing Erlkönig for a wonderful version. There are many versions of Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt on YouTube as well.

Ziel 5. Listening, Reading: Erlkönig and Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt, two Lieder based on poems by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.

A Lied (rhymes with "seed") is often called a "German art song." It begins its existence as a poem. Before the composer writes a single note, a Lied is already a work of art.
One of the standards by which we measure the quality of a Lied is the faithfulness of the composition to the poem. A truly good Lied combines a poem with music that enhances and develops the themes and structures already expressed in the verses. No matter how beautiful the music, if it does not complement the poem, it's not a good Lied.

  1. Franz Schubert's setting of Erlkönig is considered to be one of his finest Lieder. Recordings are available by many singers. Try to listen to several different interpretations and decide whose you like best.
  2. Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt has been set to music many, many times. Check this page to get an idea of its popularity among composers. Read the poem and try to listen to as many different versions as you can find. (Registered UNCG students can log in to Blackboard for some versions, or check out the collection of streaming music available through the UNCG Library.)
  3. Erlkönig is in this lesson because it includes names of family members. Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt includes the verbs "wissen" and "kennen." As you read and listen, observe the uses of these terms in the texts. Also take note of the word order.
  4. Read through the lyrics. Identify and write down the subjects and predicates. Then add direct objects.
  5. Write down as many examples of the imperative as you can. Write down sets of imperative verb + direct object. Notice the verb form, and the form of the direct object. Listen to the song again, while reading the text and listening for those verbs and direct objects.
  6. At the bottom of Erlkönig is a link to a Jagd, which will help you decipher the poem and gain some insight into the grammatical patterns you are learning as you listen to the song.

Optional additional activities:

  1. Look up "German Romanticism" in a good reference source and re-read the poems. Decide why both are good representatives of German Romanticism.
  2. The German group Rammstein recorded a version of Erlkönig called Dalai Lama. (You can listen to it on YouTube.) Compare Erlkönig with Dalai Lama. What are the similarities? What are the differences?
Ziel 6. Reading & Writing: Biographical information about Franz Schubert.
  1. Click here for questions about Schubert. Read “Franz Schubert: Biographie.”  (If this site is down, try again later. An alternative source of this information is Klassik Online.)
  2. Answer the questions with complete sentences in German. Use the questions as models for your answers. Questions usually include the verb forms and vocabulary you will need to answer them. Submit answers to your teacher through Blackboard.
Sich Ausdrücken: Schreiben
Ziel 7. Describe your family. Beschreiben Sie Ihre Familie.

Read the model and imitiate it, substituting information about your family. Put together a (minimum) 60-word essay. 

Ich habe eine große Familie. Ich habe eine ältere Schwester und einen jüngeren Bruder. Meine Schwester ist verheiratet und hat einen Sohn, meinen Neffen, Max. Ihr Mann heißt Peter und ist Augenarzt.

Mein Bruder ist noch nicht verheiratet. Er ist Informatiker.

Meine Eltern und meine Großmutter wohnen zusammen. Sie werden alle alt, aber sie sind noch sehr unabhängig. Meine Großmutter ist schon 92 Jahre alt, aber sie geht oft spazieren und einkaufen, und kocht das Abendessen.

Ich wohne mit meinem Mann Otto und unseren Kindern zusammen. Wir haben drei Söhne und eine Tochter. Otto ist Ingenieur und ich bin Lehrerin. Die Kinder sind alle noch Schüler, aber nächstes Jahr will unser Sohn Karl an die Uni gehen. (107 Wörter)


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